HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.
Sirshendu Guha, Speaker at Catalysis Conferences
Engineers India Limited, India
Title : The primary aqueous aluminum-copper battery


A novel aqueous primary battery has been invented, comprising a cathode made of copper (Cu) or a copper alloy, and an anode made of aluminum (Al) or an aluminum alloy [Al/Al3+, SO42- // Cu2+, SO42-/ Cu (Guha S, inventor; 2022 November 06. AQUEOUS COPPER-ALUMINIUM (Cu-Al) PRIMARY BATTERY. Indian Patent Application No. 202231063340.)]. The cathode compartment contains an aqueous solution of copper sulfate(CuSO4) as the electrolyte, while the anode compartment contains an aqueous solution of aluminum sulfate(Al2(SO4)3). These compartments are separated by a ceramic, wood, or inert separator that facilitates ion transport. To prevent cupric ions (Cu2+) from migrating to the aluminum (Al) or aluminum alloy anode compartment, the catholyte and anolyte are supplemented with aqueous potassium nitrate (KNO3) as a supporting electrolyte. This innovation results in a primary battery with exceptional performance, boasting a specific discharge capacity exceeding 2500 mAh per gram of anode material, and demonstrating highly stableelectrochemical behavior. The battery exhibits an open circuit voltage (OCV) exceeding 0.6 volts per unit cell. It can be constructed in various sizes and excels in self-discharge properties. Notably, it does not generate hydrogen (H2) gas at thealuminum (Al) or aluminum alloy anode, nor does it deplete the aqueous solvent during discharge. Furthermore, it avoids parasitic corrosion of the aluminum (Al) or aluminum alloy anode. With an energy density surpassing 600 Wh/kg of anode material and an anodic efficiency reaching 86% or higher, the battery also demonstrates the ability to deliver high electric current densities, exceeding 5 mA per gram of anode material. 

Audience Takeaway Notes:

  • Understanding Battery Composition: Audience members will learn about the materials used in the battery (copper cathode, aluminum anode) and the specific electrolyte compositions (copper sulfate for the cathode compartment, aluminum sulfate for the anode compartment, supplemented with potassium nitrate as a supporting electrolyte).
  • Enhanced Performance Features: They will gain insights into the exceptional performance characteristics of the battery, such as a specific discharge capacity exceeding 2500 mAh per gram of anode material, open circuit voltage exceeding 0.6 volts per unit cell, high energy density exceeding 600 Wh/kg of anode material, and high anodic efficiency exceeding 86%. 
  • Application in Various Settings: Understanding the construction versatility of the battery allows the audience to envision its application in various settings where such characteristics are desirable, such as electric vehicles, or energy storage systems.


Dr. Sirshendu Guha is a Chemist and a Chemical Engineer. He is working as Deputy General Manager (Technical) in Process Design and Development Division of Engineers India Limited, New Delhi, India. Dr. Sirshendu is involved in research works related to Petroleum Engineering, Resilience Engineering,Electrochemistry & Electrochemical Engineering including research related to sources of Clean Energy that do not cause environmental degradation and global warming. He has rich consultancy experience forcompleting various projects in the fields of Refineries, Gas Processing and Petro-Chemicals, Chemicals, and Fertilizers for twenty-seven years at Engineers India Limited, India. He also has three years of experience in Research and Development at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India. Dr. Sirshendu graduated from the University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India with a B.Sc degree in Chemistry (Honours). He then completed a B.Tech in Chemical Engineering from the University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India, and subsequently completed an M.Tech in Process Engineering and Design from the Indian Instituteof Technology, Delhi, India. He received his Ph.D. (Tech) degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India with a thesis in the field of “Resilience Engineering for Process Systems”. Dr. Sirshendu published a total of eighteen single-author research papers in international journals andconferences to date. He has delivered a talk on “process system resilience” at the University of California at Berkeley, U.S.A., and has published papers in proceedings of the AIChE annual meetings in 2017, 2019, and2023 on topics such as “process system resilience”, “process intensification” “Thermophysical Properties: Theory and Experiments for Charged Systems”. Dr. Sirshendu received a “Certificate of Outstanding Contribution in Reviewing” from the Journal of LossPrevention in the Process Industries in January 2017. He is a regular reviewer for the Journal of LossPrevention in the Process Industries, Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy Journal, and Computersand Chemical Engineering Journal. He is an AIChE Senior Member and IIChE Life Member. He was awardedIndian National Scholarship in 1989 and he received GATE fellowship in 1992.