A variety of strategies are being implemented to reduce the emission of human induced greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide in relation to climate change at a global, national and regional level for achieving a low-carbon and carbon-neutral society.
The ultimate goal of climate change strategy is to achieve a carbon-free society which is the original state of atmosphere before industrialization has been advanced in the 18th century. Nonetheless, it is quite rare to establish and implement strategies for achieving a carbon-free society.
In such context, this paper will present a framework for achieving carbon-free society through overcoming the limitations inherent in the existing strategies of low-carbon and carbon-neutral society. The presentation will be composed of four parts as below.
- The difference in the concept and implication of low-carbon, carbon-neutral and carbon-free will be examined.
- The limitation inherent in the existing low-carbon and carbon-neutral strategies will be critically examined in terms of their measures for achieving carbon-free society.
- A framework for achieving a carbon-free society will be presented in a way to overcoming the limitations inherent in the existing low-carbon and carbon-neutral strategies, focusing on overall direction of nature-based and technology-based approach, major socio-economic sectors and strategies to be included, and methodologies for analyzing the efficiency and effectiveness of the strategies.
- As a concluding remark, what capacity should be built will be discussed for achieving a carbon-free society
- The difference in the concept and implication of low-carbon, carbon-neutral and carbon-free.
- What sectors of nature and socio-economy should be covered for achieving a carbon-free society as a response to climate change.
- What capacity should be built for achieving successfully a carbon-free society.